Thus the land was no good for growing food. Serious On-Topic Comments Only: , , , or other. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this Roman stronghold put the city under Carthaginian control. However, a young commander, Publius Cornelius Scipio, took the Carthaginian capital of Iberia, Cartagena, by surprise and brought the Spanish war to a good end in 206. Only 10,000 Romans out of 42,000 able to retreat to safety. One way or another, some kind of Mediterranean unity was bound to come, and the big question was whether the Greek-Roman or the culture was to be the crystallization point.
From Saguntum to Cannae 218-216 While the negotiations about his fate were going on, Hannibal continued to extend Carthage's territory: he appointed his brother not to be confused with Hannibal's brother-in-law as commander in Iberia, and in May 218 he crossed the river Ebro in order to complete the conquest of the Iberian peninsula. This may be an invention, but there may be some truth in the story: the Carthaginians had excellent reasons to hate their enemies. The Roman legions forced their way through Hannibal's weak centre, but the Libyan Mercenaries on the wings swung around their advance, menacing their flanks. As the year wore on, Hannibal decided that it would be unwise to winter in the already devastated plains of Campania but Fabius had ensured that all the mountain passes offering an exit were blocked. Hannibal was the greatest general with an undefeatable military strategy.
His surprise tactics and brilliant strategies put Rome against the ropes. History of the art of war. A Companion to the Punic Wars. Scipio was also one of the survivors but, unlike the ordinary soldiers, had been allowed to return to Rome along with the other surviving , and had run successfully for public office and had been given command of the troops in Iberia. In these years, both Rome and the Seleucid king showed an interest in Greece and Macedonia.
The Romans had not anticipated such an early arrival and their forces were still in their winter quarters. Mahaney has accumulated a vast fund of tales in his expeditions to grand peaks on every continent, particularly the Alps, where over the last 15 years he has assessed possible Punic routes by surveying every pass on the French-Italian border. Note the individual docking bays for warships. Bomilcar exited Syracuse's harbor without being troubled by the Romans and re-appeared with 130 quinqueremes and 700 supply ships to lift the siege for good. His main ally was his son-in-law, , who had great influence in the Carthaginian political arena.
Rome was content with this answer and decided not to interfere. Hannibal mastered an intelligence service that enabled him to achieve outstanding victories. Before battle could be joined at Cape Pacyhnus, Bomilcar decided to flee, ordering the supply ships to return home while the Carthaginian battle fleet sailed to Tarentum. I remember reading that ships did make it into either Tarentum or Lucri but I am having trouble finding the original source I read that from. Both battles ended in complete defeats for the Romans as Hasdrubal had bribed the Roman mercenaries to desert and return home without a fight. In Carthage proper, there were essentially no troops at all. The Romans had kindly supported the Carthaginian war effort against the mercenaries, but when the war was over, Rome unexpectedly snatched away the Carthaginian province of Sardinia.
There is only a small step from forever being an enemy to eternal enmity and, consequently, eternal hatred. Many of the Saguntians chose to commit suicide rather than face subjugation by the Carthaginians. In this battle, he used his cavalry superiority to clear the field and to envelop the enemy on both sides with his infantry, a tactic that had been very successfully employed in Italy. Although it was not strictly between Carthage and Rome, they were some of the major players in the conflict. Without Hasdrubal's troops, Hannibal was compelled to evacuate allied towns in Italy and withdraw to.
Since Rome was occupied with the Second War and unable to support the town, Saguntum fell after a blockade of eight months. Hunt counters that the Col du Clapier also has multilayered rockfalls, having buried much of the later Roman and earlier Celtic terraced roadbed under multiple layers of talus. Map of the Second Punic War in Spain Hamilcar added new territories to this informal empire. The hardy survivors had covered 1,500 kilometers from Cartagena in five months, only to rest three days and then undertake a futile war with a country capable of massing three quarters of a million troops against them. Archimedes before being killed by the Roman soldier — copy of a Roman mosaic from the 2nd century. Upcoming Events Participant s Event Feb.
With this victory Carthage lost Spain, which was her main source of wealth and where most of her infantrymen were recruited. Hannibal's initial thrust across the Alps and into Italy needed to be done because Rome had complete control of the seas. Iberian warrior from bas-relief c. Hamilcar Barca and Hanno the Great now understood that the future of Carthage was no longer at sea. Southern Italy was devastated by the combatants, with hundreds of thousands of civilians killed or enslaved. The Romans had a great army. The famous scientist was killed during the fights:.