These vernacular newspapers played a great role in spreading the wave of nationalism. Three editors were also recommended by the Indian Newspaper Editors Conference. Efforts are being made to retrieve and store this endangered and highly respected newspaper. Although this Act, is applicable to all the branches of media, in some areas it is specific to this particular genre. Here, the dailies in the regional languages command more than half of the average readership, as per a report in 2010. Before taking action against the press under emergency legislation, provincial Government should invariably consult the Press Advisory Committee or similar body.
The commission submitted its report in August 1954. The Board is also empowered to refuse to sanction a film for public exhibition. Sisir Kumar Ghosh was the first editor. Public order, decency or morality, contempt of court, defamation and incitement of offences. But only if he submitted the final copy of his editorial regularly to the company. These papers made the common man aware about different political affairs growing in India.
The Indian Press Act 1910: The Act of 1910 empowered a magistrate to require a deposit of not less than Rs. The Commission recommended the establishment of an all India Press Council. A system of voluntary registrations of publications was evolved but it failed. In 1878 the government reduced the maximum age limit for the Civil Service from 21 to 19 years. These vernacular newspapers made the people aware of the political affairs and now the people slowly started asking questions for their rights. The Amrit Bazaar Patrika, for instance, denounced the deposition of the maharaja of Kashmir, and Kesari was foremost in attacking the Age of consent Bill of 1891 , which sought to prohibit the consummation of marriage before a bride completed the age of 12.
Although the public demand on impartial enquiry into the allegation, their demand was not conceded. No fresh declaration need to be made. If the printer or publisher is not the owner of the paper, the declaration should specify the name of the owner. Now since the act was against newspapers that published in local languages, Amrita Bazar Patrika stopped publishing news in Bengali and became an English newspaper overnight! Again, the first Hindi daily, Samachar Sudhavarashan, and two newspapers in Urdu and Persian respectively, Doorbeen and Sultan-ul-Akbar, It faced trial in 1857 for having published a 'Firman' by Bahadur Shah Zafar, urging the people to drive the British out of India. Vernacular Press Act 1878: The Vernacular Press Act empowered a magistrate, with the previous sanction of the provincial Government to require a printer or publisher to deposit a security or enter into a bond binding him not to print or publish anything likely to incite feelings of disaffection towards the Government or hatred between the different races of India. Bonfire of British clothes, etc.
Brelvi of Bombay Chronicle and Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi of Pratap. Among them India Gazette 1780 , Calcutta Gazette 1784 and Hurkaru. Gandhiji goes walking to Dandi Salt Satyagraha. In 1876, the Vernacular Press Act was promulgated. Though no license or permission is required for starting and running a newspaper, no paper can be published without complying with the provision of this act. This Act repealed all other laws relating to the press. The Indian Press Act, 1931: After the launching of Civil Disobedience movement by Congress in 1930, the Indian press grew very critical of the British Government and highlighted its various acts of omission and commission.
First Published: October 18, 2011 Last Updated:November 22, 2013 The latter half of the 19th century saw a remarkable growth in the Vernacular Press of the country and newspapers played a role of catalyst in the new socio-political consciousness. It did away with the submission of final editorial copy of publication, but it was still insisted by them. He promulgated the Vernacular Press Act 1878 which imposed severe restrictions on the vernacular press- a major instrument in the hands of the intelligentsia in spreading nationalist ideas. The company had to suspend production pending enquiry. But it was under Charles Metcalfe, the official Governor-General from 1835-36 that the regulations of 1823 were withdrawn. Though Bentinck did not revoke the licensing regulations adopted by Adams in 1823, he did give greater freedom of discussion to Indian as well as Anglo-Indian press.
The commission favoured single unit papers and recommended that in case of multiple editions each unit should be separated from the others in the matter of accounts. There have been alternating periods of freedom and of restrictions on freedom amounting to repression. The Government banned 50 works in English and 272 in the vernacular, which included 114 in Marathi, 52 in Urdu and 51 in Bengali. This claim was found to be totally false. Congress makes Gandhiji sole leader of Bardoli satyagrah. Thus many of the papers were fined and their editors jailed.
Besides these, there are also a few local legislations, which affect the film medium; viz. Later Congress accepts and forms the interim Government. This caused dissatisfaction among the publishing houses. Britishers tried to overpower the freedom of power through this restricting act. Press Laws Inquiry Committee, 1948: The Government of India set up a Press Law Inquiry Committee under the Chairmanship of Shri Ganganath Jha.
Almost everything that was said against the State was censored for fear of revolutions. Also prohibited was the circulation of any reports with intent to cause mutiny among British troops, intent to cause such fear or alarm among the public as to cause any person to commit an offence against the state, or intent to incite any class or to commit an offence against the state, or intent to incite any class or community. It opposed communal riots and the partition of the Country, and when partition did take place in the glorious year of independence, lamented it. In 1807 the Censorship Act was extended to cover journals, pamphlets and even books. The vernacular Press suffered rigorous suppression during this period 1910-1914. In 1878, when this act was passed, the number of English Newspapers was 20 and Vernacular newspapers were 200.
The media played a crucial role during the freedom struggle of India. The Press Act of 1835 annulled all the previous repressive laws on media and communication. In such situations, extreme care has to be taken to ensure the peaceful co-existence of multiple ideas and cultures. However there has to some checks on the media. The Newspapers Act 1908: The partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon and his anti Indian Policy resulted in a lot of agitation in the country.