While the fire kindles they are all dancing and making high festivity, until the bones become powder. I am sure it is quite possible there is some embellishment. Most of the men from the island try to visit him there, but he is too sick to see them. We could not escape them, although we tried, because they were so anxious to touch us, and so obtrusive that in three hours we could not get through with them. He was a great leader that besides of just giving orders he enforced them and helped his men learn and do so in the process. Their custom as to bury the dead, except those who are medicine men among them, whom they burn, and while the fire is burning, all dance and make a big festival, grinding the bones to powder. One of the horses had been killed.
And at what the others whom we had treated told they rejoiced and danced so much as not to let us sleep. It is here, caught between the margin and the mainstream, national and international allegiances, that the post-war Latin American writer begins to fashion a new cultural identity. Now, as during the time we were there so many of them died, there was great starvation in most of the lodges, due to their customs and ceremonials, as well as to the weather, which was so rough that such as could go out after food brought in but very little, withal working hard for it. On the night we arrived there some Indians came to Castillo complaining that their heads felt very sore and begging him for relief. Most of the people drink rainwater that collects here and there, for, as they never have a fixed abode, they know no springs nor established watering places, although there are rivers. I had to come to realize that the painting was painted from what the painter sees from the scene. Twelve of them crossed; for two were so feeble that their comrades could not venture to bring them.
We partook of everything a little, giving the rest to the principal man among those who had come with us for distribution among all. And a great quantity of hides are met with inland. So I had to go, and Dorantes and Estevanico went with me. The Governor replied that he approved the opinion of the other officials and of the commissary; that I had no authority for making such demands, and he asked the notary to give him a certified statement as to how, there not being in the country the means for supporting a settlement, nor any harbor for the ships, he broke up the village he had founded, and went in search of the port and of a better land. Como parte del discurso de la historia de su siglo, los Naufragios coordina la información y la ficción, lo documental y pragmático con las inserciones creativas. That is due to the historical reason, belief and the other influential factors. He then ordered the remainder of the men to disembark, also the forty-two horses left the others having perished on account of the great storms and the long time they had been on sea , and these few that remained were so thin and weak that they could be of little use for the time.
Moreover, we chose this course because in traversing the country we should learn many particulars of it, so that should God our Lord be pleased to take any of us thence, and lead us to the land of Christians, we might carry that information and news of it. Thus together again, they related that on the fifth day of that month, their boat had capsized a league and a half from there, and they escaped without losing any thing. Chapter 33: How We Saw Traces of Christians Knowing that the other Christians are nearby, Cabeza de Vaca, Estevanico, and eleven Indians follow the trail to find them, reaching them a day later. As night sets in they build fires in the lodges, so that if there should be spies about, these would think the people to sleep there. When after eight years he finally reached the West, he was not recognized by his compatriots.
His Comentarios 1555 recount hardships endured in , where he served as governor 1542—45 of the province of Río de la Plata. They ever plundered each other, and those that lost, like those that gained, were fully content. At the end of that time the tunas began to ripen, and without their noticing it we left and went to other Indians further ahead called Maliacones, at a distance of one day's travel. The dwellings were of matting and seemed to be permanent. The Indians tell them about a distant place called Apalache, which has a great deal of gold and other valuables. They spend most of the night in stirring the fire to dry those roots which they eat, and at daybreak they begin to dig and carry firewood and water to their houses and attend to other necessary matters. I made a hole in the ground and threw in fuel which the trees abundantly afforded, collected in good quantity from those that were fallen and dry.
They kill their male children, and buy those of strangers. We never treated anyone that did not afterwards say he was well, and they had such confidence in our skill as to believe that none of them would die as long as we were among them. They continued to collect about us in canoes, attempting in them to take possession of the mouth of that entrance; in consequence, and because it was hazardous to stay near the land, we went to sea, where they remained by us until about mid-day. Traveling from what is now Florida westward, the author reports that over time many from the expedition die from various causes, including drowning, hunger and thirst, Indian attack, and illness. The myths around the men grow as looters advise the looted: In consolation, the robbers told them that we were children of the sun and had the power to cure the sick or kill them…. Christendom, Christian, Christianity 1438 Words 4 Pages Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca is best known as the first Spaniard to explore what we now consider to be southwestern United States. In the following years he and his companions spent much time among nomadic Indians, serving as slaves in order to be cared for by them.
I could no longer stand the life I was compelled to lead. They attacked us thrice that night, and with so great impetuosity, that on each occasion they made us retire more than a stone's cast. Chapter 19: How the Indians Separated Us Because of a conflict between the Indians, the first prickly pear time did not allow the men to escape as planned. The author later received his own governorship in in 1540. They said that in keeping such a direction, journeying nine days, there was a town called Aute, the inhabitants whereof had much maize, beans, and pumpkins, and being near the sea they had fish, and that those people were their friends. While I was among the Aguenes, their enemies coming suddenly at midnight, fell upon them, killed three and wounded many, so that they ran from their houses to the fields before them.
Having consented to this course, I remained. It took us a day to ford the river on account of the swiftness of its current. Being detained by the men, the Indians in the canoe thereupon fled, leaving us sorrowful and much dejected for our loss. From Esquivel he learned how the Governor, the purser and the others had ended. Chapter 30: How the Manner of Reception Changed As their travels continue, the Indians begin giving them their possessions when Cabeza de Vaca and his companions enter their homes.