These were followed by 2 more plenary meetings and a final concluding session. The environment was not conducive. Patro, Bhaskarrao Vithojirao Jadhav Depressed Classes: B. In that settlement, which represent the poor people of the East End of London, I have become one of them. First Round Table Conference The first session of the conference opened in London on November 12, 1930. Sind was created as a separate province, and the interests of minorities were safeguarded by the McDonald's Communal Award for the minority.
Most of the Hindu delegateswere not ready for this gesture, and the Muslim nationalists were not represented at theconference. The movement had generated worldwide publicity, and Irwin was looking for a way to end it. I consider that it was well worth my paying this visit to England in order to find this human affection. They had eight meetings which lasted for a total of 24 hours. It was conducted on the recommendation of the Simon Commission of May, 1930.
Dutta and Sir Syed Ali Imam, were invited from India to participate. Gandhi again tabled the proposal for a settlement, but the Muslim League rejected it. As a counter to the Congress scheme, the Muslims, the depressed classes, the Indian Christians, the Anglo-Indians, and the Europeans presented a joint statement of claims which they said must stand as an interdependent whole. About the last claim, he clashed with the Muslim representation. Some of the other conditions were that the British would withdraw all orders imposing curbs on the activities of the Indian National Congress. Second Round Table begins In London, the government made elaborate arrangements to see that , who came for the Second Round Table Conference, does not attract huge crowds. This was resolved through the Poona Pact of 1932.
Samuel hoare and Winston Charchil were not in favour of self rule to India. Lord Irwin, the Viceroy, met with to reach a compromise. Failing to do so, he said, would force the British government would take a unilateral decision. With a round table, there is no fr … ont end, and everyone feels equal, as long as the chairs are the same height off the ground. As their main demands were not acceptable to Gandhi, the communal issue was postponed for future discussion. This is perhaps the last time that I shall be sitting with you at negotiations.
The conference broke up on January 19, 1931, and what emerged from it was a general agreement to write safeguards for minorities into the constitution and a vague desire to devise a federal system for the country. The Poona Pact was accepted by the Government as an amendment to the Communal Award. And about the claim about the untouchables, their leader Dr. Gandhiji was authorised by the then President of the Congress, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, to negotiate with Lord Irwin. Gandhi was against treating untouchables as separate from the Hindu community.
It was published in March 1933, and debated in parliament directly afterwards, analyzed by the Joint Select Committee and after the final reading and loyal assent, the bill reached the Statute Book on July 24, 1935. All the delegates were nominees of theBritish Government; they had a sprinkling of able individuals, but most of them were drawnfrom the princely order, the landlords, the titled gentry and the leaders of communalgroups and vested interests. This was supported by the Muslim League. So, on the one side, Minorities were in opposition, who wanted to reach at an agreement among them. Thus, Lord Irwin, the Viceroy, extended an invitation to Gandhi for talks. Madan Mohan Malviya and Sarojinl Naidu went there in their personal capacity.
The Labour Party had been toppled two weeks before in Britain. Gandhi was a member of both but he adopted a very unreasonable attitude. Like the two first conferences, little was achieved. Prior to the Conference, had initiated the Civil Disobedience Movement on behalf of the. There were fifty-eight political leaders from British India and sixteen delegates from the princely states.
In January 1931 in order to create a conducive atmosphere for talks, the government lifted the ban on the Congress Party and released its leaders from prison. Second Round Table Conference The second session of the conference opened in London on September 7, 1931. I do not know them but I read that affection in their eyes as early in the morning I walk through your streets. Different political parties gave vent to their feelings in different ways. Elements of dialogic communication in Gandhi's second round table conference address 1979 : 386—398. The Labor Government returned to power in Britain in 1931, and a glimmer of hope ran through Indian hearts.
The three British political parties were represented by sixteen delegates. These were followed by discussions on the reports of the sub-committees on Federal Structure, Provincial Constitution, Minorities, , , Franchise, Defense services and. All parties were present except for the Congress, whose leaders were in jail due to the Civil Disobedience Movement. More delegates should have been sent, the critics felt. Gandhi agreed to end the Civil Disobedience Movement without laying down any preconditions. Only forty-six delegates attended since most of the main political figures of India were not present. I want to sit at the same table with you in your closets and to negotiate and to plead with you and to go down on bended knees before I take the final lead and final plunge.