Need for satisfaction: All people in an organisation are not alike. In addition to this, there exists a hierarchical structure, which determines a logical authority relationship and follows a chain of command. Amendments that have been proposed by both Houses of Congress jointly, and have gone through the formal process of … ratification by two-thirds of the states become amendments to the Constitution. It operates along with formal channel of communication and works faster than the formal channel. The informal organisational structure gets created automatically and the main purpose of such structure is getting psychological satisfaction. For example, one may consider the case of only two workers whose habit it is to gossip and have their perceptions of company affairs and personnel.
Identifying and Enumerating the Activities: After the objective is selected, the management has to identify total task involved and its break-up closely related component activities that are to be performed by and individual or division or a department. The above functions also highlight the benefits derived from informal organisation and also its importance. Examples of Informal Communication 3. He is also made responsible for the profit or loss of his division. New ideas, suggestions, opinions may come out as people can express their feelings without fear. Since a manager has to work with employees on a daily basis, he has to recognize and adjust to individual differences, values, and beliefs.
Due to delay in supply and shortage of raw materials the work in a factory has been stopped for a few days. It is completely separate from — and sometimes much faster than — the organization's formal channels of communication. The Principle of Balance In every organisation structure there is need for balance. Another element of strategy development is to identify the informal groups and its leaders. Another way to identify the informal leader is to watch for the arbitrator or mediator in disputes in the work unit. Features of informal organisation: 1 Informal organisational structure gets created automatically without any intended efforts of managers. It cannot be precisely shown on the organisation chart.
After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Karl Marx also pointed out that when diverse people have the same interest they become friends. A Functional Structure of Organisation Grouping together the entire work into major functional departments and entrusting these departments to functional specialists is known as functional structure of organisation. High Morale: An ideal organisation is that in which the workers possess high morale. A Tool of Achieving Objectives: Organisation is a vital tool in the hands of the management for achieving set objectives of the business enterprise. This will ultimately lead to conflicts and even to industrial unrest.
In this context one may cite the example of an interaction between an operating department and another department, for which involvement is only supportive rather than primary. Informal organisations have always existed with formal organisations. Principle of Specialization Precise division of work facilitates specialization. Resistance to change: The informal organisation is always in a position to resist change. Thus it is developed through a process of asking members when they like or dislike and with whom they wish to work or not. This is possible only if the two systems grow simultaneously by assisting one another on a reciprocal basis. Definition: the Informal Organization is the connecting social structure in organizations that denotes the constantly evolving network of social interactions among its employees, unrelated to the firm's formal authority structure.
A formal organizational structure is one that has carefully documented processes, from organizational charts detailing the chain of command to the job descriptions specific to each position. The group members assume roles. Four points for implementing this strategy are the following: Firstly, every manager must seek the support and co-operation of the informal leader. Formation of the group is done by the management. Usually these people voluntarily come together within the same work areas.
It spreads rumors and endangers consolidation and unity of the organisation; vi. People discuss their work and non-work related problems and find solutions without the support of superiors. The Semi-formal meeting means that those meetings in which the public is invited just listen to the speaker. The primary focus of the informal organization is the employee as an individual person. Relationships may be left undefined. It involves deciding who will act under whom, who will be his subordinates, what will be his span of control and what will be his status in the organisation.
Management was left with two options: fire all employees or modify the system. Pressure to conform: The norms that the informal groups develop often act as a strong inducement towards conformity. It can be illustrated by the lunch bunch, the coffe-break group, the company bowling team, or just two people who meet to talk after work. But the management has authorised only a 30-minute lunch break. I'm down here in total chaos, that total chaos of innovation. Article shared by : After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Positive impact : Informal groups do have the potential to be helpful to managers because they perform three important functions: 1 They establish, enforce and perpetuate social and cultural norms and values important to group members.