The history of European expansion overseas from the 15th through the 17th century is considered in , Travel and Discovery in the Renaissance, 1420-1620 1952 , and J. Afonso V attained his legal majority at the age of 14 in 1446. Early Life : Prince Henry was the third son of King John I JoÃ£o I of Portugal and his English wife, Philippa of Lancaster. African Voyages The repeated probes made down the West African coast at Henry's behest constitute the most significant achievement of his career. Henry the Navigator 1394-1460 Prince of portugal Henry, the Duke of Viseu, is best known for the somewhat inaccurate name Henry the Navigator. This layed the frame work for the Portuguese Maritime Empire, circumnavigation of Africa and expansion into India in the last decade 15th century.
In eastern Europe he was close enough to to appreciate the Muslim danger. Here are some contributions he made during his life. Cadamosto claimed to have discovered the Cape Verde Islands, but it is uncertain if he was the first one there. In 1444, Captain Eannes brought a boatload of 200 slaves back to Portugal. The institute, best described as a 15th-century research and development facility, included libraries, an astronomical observatory, shipbuilding facilities, a chapel, and housing for staff.
Tradition has claimed that the most important achievement was the rounding of in 1434 by , who overcame a superstition that had previously deterred seamen. On Eannes' first trip down the coast of Africa in 1433, he only sailed as far as the Canary Islands. At the age of 21, in 1415, Prince Henry commanded a military force that captured the Muslim outpost of Ceuta, located on the south side of the Strait of Gibraltar, on the northern tip of the African continent and bordering Morocco. Battles with Muslim Moors were common during the 1400's, and Christian allies could help create safe trading routes. King John found Ceuta unprepared, as he had hoped, and its capture unexpectedly easy.
With the help of mathematicians, astronomers, cartographers, and other navigators, Prince Henry sent expeditions to explore the west coast of Africa. . Nevermind just joking He was not a what but a who. Prince Henry was a patron of exploration for Portugal during the Age of Discovery. Initially the emperor put Cheng Ho to work building palaces in his capital city, but in 1405 he commissioned him as an admiral, a high-ranking naval officer equivalent to a general in the army.
These ventures were united not by geographical curiosity but by Henry's overreaching desire to continue abroad the traditional Portuguese crusade against Moors and Berbers in the peninsula itself. New expeditions tried to discover oceangoing routes to India and the Far East. Exploring the West African Coast Prince Henry sponsored explorations that accomplished much for Portugal. Cape Bojador was reached in 1434, Cape Blanco was passed in 1441, and the Bay of Arguim was discovered in 1443. Unfortunately, Magellan was killed during the expedition and did not complete the voyage. They also explored much of the Far East and were the first Europeans to establish a trading colony in China at Macau. They made Spain rich with the gold and silver they found in the Americas.
Prince Henry the Navigator was fascinated by the sea andexploration of the oceans. Three years later, Prince Henry founded his navigational institute at Sagres on the southwestern-most point of Portugal, Cape Saint Vincent—a place ancient geographers referred to as the western edge of the earth. Prince Henry died in 1460, the year that this expedition returned. Final maritime ventures After Alfarrobeira, Henry spent most of his time at Sagres, his castle in the far south of Portugal. At the battle of Alfarrobeira in 1449 Dom Pedro was killed. With him died a golden age of Chinese exploration, never to be repeated. The Portuguese obtained an ever-increasing flow of gold through trade with inhabitants of the coastal regions and in 1457 resumed minting gold coins.
Military interests aside, Henry devoted much of his energy to the study of the sea and distant exotic places, real and imagined. In 1441 exploration began again in earnest with the venture of Antam Gonçalvez, who brought to Portugal the first slaves and gold dust from the Guinea coasts beyond Bojador; while Nuno Tristam in the same year pushed on to Cape Blanco. These ventures were united not by geographical curiosity but by Henry's overreaching desire to continue abroad the traditional Portuguese crusade against Moors and Berbers in the peninsula itself. Colonization of these islands was important for the entire subsequent history of Iberian expansion: they provided bases for voyages to the New World and for the development of practices used later in American colonization. He grew to maturity at a time when John I was bringing to a close a confused period of civil strife and war with Castile and securing Portugal's independence. After Yung-lo died in 1424, Cheng's future was uncertain, but finally in 1430, he and his fleet were allowed to embark on a seventh—and, as it turned out, last—voyage. In this school, people were trained in nagivation, map-making, and science, in order to sail down the west of Africa.
At its peak, said Lt. Henry and Fernando nevertheless attacked Tangier and met with disaster; Henry had shown poor generalship and mismanaged the enterprise. This concentration of experts and information fostered advances in navigational instruments and cartography. Prince Henry himself even convinced some explorers to go further south. Vincent, and was buried in the church of St. He established a school for the study of the arts of navigation, mapmaking, and shipbuilding. Boxer, The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, 1415-1825 1969.
In the early fifteenth century, Portugal and the were the scene of frequent attacks by pirates based in North African ports. He sought new lands and sources of revenue for his kingdom and dynasty and searched for eastern Christian allies against Islam. That said, it was the passion and goals of one man who truly moved Portuguese exploration forward, the man known as Prince Henry the Navigator 1394—1460. As a young man, Henry participated in the 1415 Portuguese defeat of the Moors at Ceuta on the African Coast to the south of Gibraltar. Instead, hebegan to sail to Africa to discover a sea route to different lands.