Hilton, Z and Mills, C. The change in policy to move single mothers of children over the age of five off income support and onto job seekers allowance will also challenge some families of disabled children. A white paper Critique - t he problem of Every Child Matters Every Child Matters was, in many respects, a positive social policy programme that was the catalyst for a radical reform of the ways services were provided for children, young people and families in England. This raises various issues, including: Children, young people and families who move between England and other states of the United Kingdom experience different entitlements and differing service delivery arrangements. Effective arrangements for the joint governance of local services was intended to provide a robust framework for accountability — outwards to children, young people and families in local communities, and upwards to Government and the Inspectorates of public services. This gave the necessary platform for Every Child Matters to succeed, whilst also promoting the hard work of multi-agencies towards young children in government itself.
This suggests a regressive step in terms of multi-agency working. There has been limited success in the extended schools programme and the focus on the wellbeing of the child as a whole is to be welcomed. The Green Paper was the basis for extensive consultation on proposals about services for children, young people and families — inside Parliament, with managers and practitioners in public services, and with parents, carers, children and young people. The Joint Chief Inspectors noted that whilst public services generally appeared aware of, and acknowledged, their shared responsibility for ensuring children were safe; this was not always reflected in their policy and practice arrangements. This should lead to a pooling of budgets and other resources, and to the joint commissioning of child -centred services from providers in the community, voluntary and independent sectors. The resources of local public services budgets, and the time and skills of teams and staff are fixed.
Keeping in touch with the young people was absolutely vital. This could lead to changes in order that the joint delivery of services was supported by processes and procedures that are effective for local children and young people. In an attempt to save her life, she was transferred to the paediatric intensive care unit at St Mary's Hospital Paddington - where she died a few hours later, on the afternoon of 25 th February. Cross-party support in both Houses of Parliament meant the Green Paper quickly became transformed into the Children Act 2004. Only relates to England One immediate, practical concern is that the Children Act 2004 and Every Child Matters relate only to the 150 local authority areas in England — no parallel legislation has been put before the Welsh or Northern Ireland Assemblies, nor the Scottish Parliament. The social construction of realities and norms and situated moral reasoning A hard driven focus on improving outcomes requires, as we have seen, the social professions and formal and informal educators to continually assess — and make judgements and decisions about - the development, behaviour and circumstances of children, young people and their families.
The invasion of children's rights to privacy A further set of questions surround the extent to which the processes and procedures associated with the Every Child Matters agenda seriously invade and undermine the rights of children to privacy set out under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Key services in some areas were also experiencing severe difficulty in recruiting and retaining people to work in child protection and in child welfare — which eroded the effectiveness of local inter-agency arrangements to safeguard children. Constructions of Disability, in Saraga E Ed , Embodying the Social: Constructions of Disability, London, Routledge. This idea is not new and Ainslie et al. Despite extensive efforts by Dr Lesley Alsford and her team, Victoria Climbié's condition continued to deteriorate.
Inherent in Every Child Matters is a collection of specific and particular social, cultural and moral norms that provide an underpinning framework for policy and practice about work by local public services to improve outcomes for children and young people. Osler A, Street C, Lall M and Vincent K, 2001, Not a problem? Berger and Luckmann 1967 suggest that human interactions are maintained by conscious and unconscious patterns we acquire, internalise and revise as children in our families, and during our education and schooling, our training, careers and day-to-day lives. Although the Labour Government intended the outcomes to be mutually reinforcing, Sloper et al. Since the formation of the in 2010 there has been some movement away from the terminology, and the funding for, Every Child Matters. Help Children Achieve More formerly called Every Child Matters is a shared programme of change to improve outcomes for all children and young people. The outcomes are intended to be seen as mutually reinforcing.
Department of Health 2002 Safeguarding Children. One of challenges of Every Child Matters for local public services was to have effective governance arrangements in place, and also for them to have agreed and implemented arrangements for the shared governance of their collective work to improve outcomes for children and young people in their area. To emphasise the importance of these outcomes as a focus for local action , the Department for Children, Schools and Families created the Outcomes Framework - against which local public services are expected to agree their priorities, plan changes to their services, and measure their collective progress towards improving outcomes for local children and young people. For example, Councils in Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland - and their partners and other bodies — are not required to re-design and integrate services to enable children and young people to make progress against five key outcomes. . He reveals some profound difficulties for those it touches — especially informal educators. For example, children and young people learn and thrive when they are healthy, safe and engaged, and educational achievement is seen as the most effective route out of poverty.
Devine F, 2004, Class Practices — How parents help their children get good jobs , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Today's children and young people experience wider opportunities and benefit from rising prosperity, better health and education than those in previous generations. A version of the green paper for children and young people 2004 Every Child Matters: Next Steps The Children Act 2004 Every Child Matters: Change for Children Every Child Matters: Change for Children in Health Services Every Child Matters: Change for Children in Schools Every Child Matters: Change for Children in Social Care Every Child Matters: Change for Children in the Criminal Justice System National Service Framework for Children, Young People and Maternity Services Working with Voluntary and Community Organisations to Deliver Change for Children and Young People 2005 Every Child Matters: Change for Children - Young People and Drugs Common Core of Skills and Knowledge for the Children's Workforce Youth Matters — A green paper 2007 Care Matters: Time for Change. At the end of the consultation period, and using material from the Green Paper and responses from a range of individuals and bodies, the Government issued Every Child Matters: the Next Steps, and published the Bill that became the Children Act 2004. The outcomes are mutually reinforcing.
In the past it has been argued that children and families have received poorer services because of the failure of professionals to understand each other's roles or to work together effectively in a multi-disciplinary manner. Parents mothers of disabled children, therefore, cannot take on paid work and, as this is seen as the route out of poverty for families, this suggests that it will be harder for families with disabled children to work their way out of poverty. Published in tandem with these, Every Child Matters, a Green Paper, set out proposals for addressing the immediate concerns identified in both reports, and a range of circumstances that occurred in families and impacted on the lives of children and young people in England. The Green Paper provoked a broad ranging debate about services for children, young people and families, and there was wide consultation with people working in children's services, and with parents, children and young people. Integrating the delivery of services for children, young people and families A theme running strongly through Every Child Matters is that improving outcomes for children and young people could only be achieved by transforming the ways in which managers and practitioners in the different public services are organised : Integrated working arrangements should start from the needs of children and young people - not the structures of local public services, their organisations, departments and teams. It gave young people a voice.
However, there is evidence that there has been a rise in before and after school activities Cummings et al. At one level it could be thought ridiculous to consider criticising Every Child Matters — how could anyone argue that not every child matters? For some disabled children, for example, achieving independence is not what they desire and it is important to recognize that not achieving that outcome does not represent a poor outcome for that child. This offers further guidance to schools and local authorities. It was formulated in response to a report by Joint Chief Inspectors and the findings of a public inquiry chaired by Lord Laming. Morgan G, 1986, Images of Organisation, London, Sage. Integrated processes If local Council services, relevant partners and other bodies were to improve outcomes for children and young people in their area, it was argued that there needed to be a fundamental re-evaluation of existing service delivery processes and procedures. I want to look at each of these elements in turn.