What environments do you think should be considered for drilling? If not, would you say the pros and cons seem fairly balanced, or does one outweigh the other? For years, the Arctic has been a frontline in the battle over the future of energy and climate change. The Arctic is governed by the , a collection of eight countries whose international borders lie directly within the Arctic Circle. Temperatures in the Arctic are rising twice as fast as the rest of the world and t he sea ice is melting due to the carbon emissions in the atmosphere. He pointed north, out over the top of the spruce trees, over the distant Brooks Range, in the direction of the refuge. She also worries about the construction trucks, the power lines, and the increased road traffic that would come along with oil development. Earthquakes have been on the rise in areas where fracking is prevalent. Access roads run alongside the pipelines so that workers can maintain the pipes.
High Risk Job Working on an off shore oil rig is very dangerous, there are many risks involved including fires and drowning. SolarCity is disrupting the century-old utility industry by simply bypassing it. First: The Chukchi is shallow. This area is essential for raising newborn caribou calves, but is targeted for drilling. Critics, on the other hand, worry fracking will pollute drinking water and air, increase global warming and trigger earthquakes. Opponents, led by environmental groups, argue that resource extraction in the Arctic and Antarctic will only exacerbate the current rate of global warming, strengthen our addiction to fossil fuels, and risk destroying one of the last untouched wildernesses on Earth.
Hundreds of pelicans black with oil were washed up on shores, along with smothered turtles and fishes belly-up in brown sludge, because of that disaster. This can also increase the risks of these animals to human contacts, which is dangerous to both parties. In the extraction process, the most challenging part is locating crude oil, since it is found under the cap rocks that can be several miles thick. We do all kind of oil research. If that was the case here, it would mean that we would still need to import millions of barrels of oil and we would have the cost of drilling on top of that. Transportation costs are also cut drastically with offshore drilling, further lowering the price for oil. It's a vertically integrated, renewable energy company that's just getting started.
It Would Keep Our Dollars Local When it comes to oil, the United States imports about 50% of what it means annually. . Are you beginning to see where this is going? Does it affect how you view this area? While currently employed as an insurance underwriter, he maintains an interest in environmental and educational reform. It can be poisonous if ingested. It began as early as the fourth century in China, then spread across Asia and the Middle East. So, geologists need to study the surface material, source rock, and reservoir rock as a preliminary step. List of Pros of Offshore Drilling 1.
In addition to natural gas and oil, the Arctic and Antarctic contain large of coal, lead, iron, chromium, copper, gold, nickel, platinum, uranium, and silver, which become increasingly valuable in an industrialized world. So why should we be concerned with something happening way up there other than, of course, climate change? And what will be the future of the Arctic - and the planet - if companies are still determined to find the oil hidden in the Arctic? As these resources grow steadily within our grasp during a time of economic stagnation, these groups must decide whether to make the Arctic and Antarctic off limits to resource exploration and exploitation, or to begin devising plans for environmentally sound exploitation of these regions. Oil drilling began in the United States in 1859, when a man named Edwin Drake struck oil in Pennsylvania after drilling 69 feet into the ground. When companies are exploring for oil, they drive huge tundra tractors that can rip up vegetation and destroy. And what could potentially happen to public health and to seafood safety? At the same time, rising oil prices could make the refuge a more tempting target. Pros and Cons The argument for drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is economic. Oil drilling efforts have, in fact, brought to several northern towns and cities that would otherwise have been remote, forgotten villages on the political as well as geographical fringes of their respective countries.
How do you think Congress should weigh the environmental value of the refuge against the economic value of the oil beneath it? Extraction would not displace or steal land away from any native population, and no one country or group of countries can monopolize the reserves of carbon-based and mineral resources there, making the polar regions a vital economic opportunity for all nations. The company originally bid on and won the lease back in 2008. Another option is letting nature deal with the oil through biodegradation. The North Slope, where the drilling for oil is highly observed, is the home of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. Natural oil seepage is the number one source of oil pollution in North America. Seismology is found to have a 10 percent success rate of discovering oil sites.
As you move up the food chain, the contamination may dwindle, but still be present. Assessment Have each student discuss both the advantages and disadvantages of drilling in the Arctic refuge from the perspectives of congressional committee members, consumer advocates, environmentalists and oil company executives. Boelman suspects waterfowl and caribou are most likely to be affected. Now imagine moving this same type of operation from warm, tropical waters to the cold, frigid environment of the Arctic. Caribou herds shifted their calving areas to find vegetation and avoid insects. Why do you think the White House will not identify various interest groups that participated in the study? Proponents of oil drilling say that the economic benefits would far outweigh the minimal environmental impact in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
Proponents say it will create jobs, generate over the next decade, and make the country more energy independent. Other approaches for finding oil are satellite imaging, shallow drilling, sniffers electronic noses to smell hydrocarbons , magnetometers, and gravity meters. Pollutants are also released during the transportation processes including the shipping of oil for distribution. Do you think this argument would affect people's opinions about drilling? What are some reasons given by supporters to begin drilling in the Arctic refuge? Till we have an abundant source of energy that is as readily available, reliable and potent as oil, the dependence will exist. Read on to learn about what drilling in those regions would mean, and the arguments for and the against expanding drilling to the Arctic and Antarctic. What is Offshore Oil Drilling? The conclusion of the oil drilling issue is; choosing between the economic growth of the country and reducing environmental consequences.