It also explains which of the two models is more in line with psychology today. First, educators must recognize the importance and potential in the existence and further development of abilities not always captured by academic tests. The human brain is a complex organ and hard to understand. Finally, the contextual element relates to practical knowledge or common sense. Premise two takes into account the brain as a major physical determinant of intelligence. To date, how exactly to define intelligence is still debated.
In the example with the Brazilian street children see example 1 below for more detail , they would most likely score poorly on an intelligence test, and be labeled with a low general intelligence. His topographical model of personality organisation in. On the other hand, the theory of. Important examples of such theories, mostly based on data collected from paper-and-pencil tests are: the Standford-Binet and the Wechsler Intelligence Scales both for adults and children. He believes that each is related to different portions of the brain. The theory does not focus on the brain and biological functions, but on different social situations.
In the following essay I am going to compare and contrast the theories of marxism and functionalism, looking at the topics of the family and education. According to Gardner, each of these multiple intelligences is more or less independent of the others. AltaVista, Bing, Google 2751 Words 7 Pages Compare and Contrast Every day there are thousands of compare and contrasting activities, events and even conversations. By studying individuals who had speech impairment, paralysis, or other disabilities, Gardner could localize the parts of the brain that were needed to perform the physical function. In order to identify these students they commissioned Alfred Binet; a French physician. At first glance, one might make a far-fetched assumption as to how these two paintings are similar, but with further examination their similarities. Drawing the necessary inferences inferring iii.
It includes self-monitoring and self-management. Sternberg argues that one capacity for intelligence exists, but it is made up of three distinct elements. I believe that the theories put forth by Gardner and Sternberg have the most merit. Many scientists are now convinced that there is no single measure of intellectual ability — no unitary intelligence Philip Kitcher, 1985. Charles Spearman, Educational psychology, Factor analysis 1646 Words 6 Pages Compare and Contrast of Select Leadership Models Leadership comes in different forms and in different aspects of life from private business to government entities Wren, 1995, p.
Successfully intelligent people discern their strengths and weaknesses, and then figure out how to capitalize on their strengths, and to compensate for or remediate their weaknesses. In 1990, he was the first American to receive the University of Louisville's Grawemeyer Award in education. American Journal of Psychology 15. Previous intelligence tests had an emphasis on physical measures, sensory tasks and simple processes ibid. This view is based on his research studies which show that different intelligence can be affected depending on the part of the brain that's damaged. Weakness Certain types of intelligence can be learn thought experience even though the person does not have the intelligence A person can study for an intelligence test in which the results can then be invalid. Moreover, even the intelligences that are measured are assessed in ways that are very limited, such as through fairly trivial multiple-choice kinds of questions.
Most intriguing is the work of researchers like Howard Gardner, David Perkins, Robert Sternberg, and others who are looking beyond conventional definitions of intelligence. The task involves operations like convergent thinking, memory and cognition. He originally identified seven components of intelligence Gardner, 1983. Family, Health, Health care 1115 Words 4 Pages Q: Compare and Contrast Marxist and Weberian Theories of Stratification. Interestingly, visual-spatial reasoning appears to be an important part of understanding mathematics. Quite a bit of his research focuses on such endeavors.
This is in the case of intelligence related to book smart-analytical intelligence sternberg ,musical,verbal linguistic,logical mathematics and visual spatial. Musical Musicians, composers The ability to learn, perform, and compose music. This paper examines and evaluates the two opposing theories on the nature of intelligence. Finally, the caution sign with the light bulb represents our practical and problem solving intelligence. For example, people take courses at a vocational school to learn a specific trade; therefore they are going through a learning process which in turn gives them the intelligence to perform a certain job like, a beautician or a mechanic. Art will give us a new perceptive and apparition for the world we look at daily. But, unfortunately, it is very difficult to pinpoint and confirm Gardner's hypotheses experimentally, because of the delicacy involved with the human brain.
Freud's theory of personality development relates to his theories of personality structure and motivation. The existence of individuals with exceptional talent: Selective competence such as idiot savants, prodigies , like selective deficits, suggests autonomy of that particular competence. This story's opening is one that catches your attention and gets you really focused on the story. The Metencephalon is made up of ascending and descending tracts just like the myelencephalon. I technology is and has been part of our lives for a very long time. Add Remove Use the Library and other Internet resources to research Spearman's Model of Intelligence and Gardner's Multiple Intelligences.
Alternative Approaches to Cognitive Abilities To this day, how exactly to define intelligence is still debated. It is clear that neural intelligence can be maintained and, indeed, increased, by use. In that sense, his approach to the field of intelligence is somewhat like Howard Gardner's. If so, is music the basis of your vocation? Spearman 1904 gave persons tests of many different kinds of cognitive ability. This refers to one's accumulated knowledge and experience in different areas. Spearman thought that if all mental tests are mutually related then there is some common factor that causes this. The very first intelligence tests, introduced a decade earlier, emphasized sensory tasks, physical measures, and simple processes.